Drugs Use, Possession and other crimes

To import, export, sale, purchase, delivery, receipt, produce, process and possess drugs are defined as criminal offences. Therefore, drug use in itself is not a crime, whereas possession - even of small quantities - for the purpose of own use is an offence. Possession of drugs for the purpose of distribution other than small quantities of cannabis will usually result in a fine or imprisonment of up to 2 years. In some cases possession of a larger quantity for own use may result in imprisonment.


It is a criminal offence, punishable by imprisonment of up to 10 years, to transfer drugs in contravention of the Euphoriants legislation to a considerable number of persons, or in return for a large payment, or in any other particularly aggravating circumstances. The same penalties apply with regard to the person who imports, exports, sells, purchases, supplies, receive, manufactures, processes or possesses drugs intended for transfer as above. The penalty may be increased to 16 years if the offence involves considerable quantities of particularly dangerous drugs: with regard to heroin or cocaine, if the quantity is approximately 25g or more, whereas the corresponding limit for amphetamine is approximately 50g and for cannabis approximately 10kg.

Repeated sales of smaller quantities of a particular harmful drug is considered a significantly aggravating circumstance.

Substitution Treatment

Suspended sentences can be given on conditions of trial period, supervision and treatment against drug abuse. Drug dependent offenders can be allowed to serve their prison-sentence or part of it in a treatment facility outside the prison system. Treatment of drug dependent offenders is however also possible during incarceration.


Non-compliance with documentation rules as well as with the rules regarding import, export, transiting, possession, manufacture, sales or offering/placing on the market may result in a fine or in imprisonment for up to two years.