Drug use and possession

Possession of any drug, psychotropic substances, poison or precursors for own consumption is punished with up to 3 years of imprisonment. Possession of narcotic drugs in amounts between three and ten times one single dose is punished with a maximun penalty of 5 years imprisonment.

Persons possessing drugs for own consumption can be sentence to community service or home imprisonment.

There is and administrative sanction when there is use of alcohol and drugs under conditions of profesional occupation and if there could be a danger to health or property.

Trafficking and drug-related crime

Whoever manufacture, import, export, transport or causes to be transported, purchase, sell, exchange, procure, or possess for any lenght of time a narcotic drug, a psychotropic substance, poison or precursor, or if such person brokers such activity, could be punished with a sanction of 4 to 10 years of imprisonment. The penalty rises to 10 to 15 years of imprisonment if the offender had already been convicted for the same type of offence or he commits it in respect of a person in drug treatment, or by more serious breach of conduct or against a protected person or at a larger scale. When the offender causes a serious bodily harm or death in order to commit his offence, the penalty rises to a range of 15 to 20 years. And a sanction of imprisonment between 20 to 25 years or life imprisonment shall be imposed if the offender commits the offence and causes a serious bodily harm to several persons or death of several persons thereby, or as a member of dangerous grouping, or at a large scale.

Incitement to consume or "spreading substance abuse" implies a penalty of 1 to 5 years in prison and 3 to 8 when committed against an under 18 or in public.

Precursors

Production, import, export, transit, transportation and possession of precursors are punished with imprisonment from 1 to 5 years and from 10 to 15 depending on the profit obtained.

Harm reduction programs

Needle and Syringe Programmes (NSP): 20 operational programs are operated by five non-governmental agencies. Needles and syringes reported to be available for purchase from pharmacies. There are no needle and syringe exchange programmes in Slovak prisons.

Opium Substitution Treatment (OST): 2 operational OST programmes, based on methadone, buprenorphine and buprenorphine-naloxone combination. No substitution programs in prisons.

Drug consumption room: 0

Tobacco

Selling cigarettes to persons under the age of 18 is prohibited. Smoking is permitted in most open areas with some exceptions. Most cafés and pubs allow smoking but it is prohibited on trains (except for designated smoking carriages) and all public transport vehicles, at sanitary facilities, schools and universities, children's playgrounds, bureaus, theatres, cinemas, shops and galleries. The fine for breaking this law can be up to € 166.

Alcohol

Alcohol can be bought by those over 18 years old although this is not strictly enforced. It is an offence to drink alcohol outside seating areas of restaurants and bars. It is an offence to drink alcohol in the streets of Bratislava Old Town.